Sep 08, 2015 
Zoran Grujic (UVA) 
3D NavierStokes equations and criticality, part I.
The problem of possible singularity formation in solutions to the 3D NavierStokes equations is supercritical in the sense that all the regularity criteria are at best scalinginvariant (with respect to the natural scaling of the equations), while all the a priori bounds scale supercriticaly. Moreover, there is a `scaling gap' between any regularity criterion in view and the corresponding a priori bound. A possible avenue to gaining insight into the problem is to assume a certain criticality scenario, and then identify a condition breaking the criticality, leading to the regularity of solutions. The goal of these lectures is to briefly review the current state of the art in the study of various physically, numerically and/or mathematically motivated criticality scenarios in the 3D NavierStokes problem.

Sep 15, 2015 
Zoran Grujic (UVA) 
3D NavierStokes equations and criticality, part II.

Sep 29, 2015 
Xiang Wan (UVA) 
Global Wellposedness and Uniform Stability of a Quasilinear Thermoelastic PDE system.
Abstract (PDF)

Oct 13, 2015 
Keith Leitmeyer (UVA) 
On the mix norm of passive scalars, part I.

Oct 20, 2015 
Keith Leitmeyer (UVA) 
On the mix norm of passive scalars, part II.

Oct 22, 2015 
Stefan Steinerberger (Yale) 
Analysis meets Number Theory: two new theorems and a mystery.
Analysis and Number Theory have always enjoyed a fruitful interaction; we discuss three new (and independent) chapters in the story (with focus on the Analysis part of the story). (1) Improvements of the Poincare inequality obtained by replacing the gradient with a gradient in a fixed direction  amusing things happen. (2) The HardyLittlewood maximal function is a cornerstone in real analysis  we describe a new rigidity phenomenon: if the maximal function is easy to compute, then the function is, up to symmetries, sin(x). The only proof we could find requires nontrivial input from transcendental number theory. (3) The Mystery: some experimental (but truly elementary) observations connecting Ulam's mysterious integer sequence from additive combinatorics (1,2,3,4,6,8,11,...), about which still not a single statement is known (except infinitude), to basic measure theory.
Start time: 4pm at Kerchof Hall 317. This is now a colloquium talk.

Oct 27, 2015 
Aseel Farhat (UVA) 
On Vorticity Directions near Singularities of the NSE.
We will discuss the geometric regularity criterion for the NSE introduced by Giga and Miura. Under the restriction of type I blowup, the authors show that if the vorticity direction is uniformly continuous on some superlevel set, then the solution does not blowup. The weak solutions here are not restricted to have finite energy and this improves many known results.

Nov 03, 2015 
Oanh Nguyen (Yale) 
Roots of random polynomials with arbitrary coefficients
We consider the following model of random polynomials
$$P_n (x) = c_n \xi_n x^n + ... + c_1 \xi_1 x + c_0 \xi_0, $$
where the $\xi_i$'s are independent random variables with bounded $(2+\epsilon)$ moments, and the $c_i$ are deterministic coefficients. One of the simplest examples is the Kac polynomial in which $c_i=1$ for all $i$. Classical theorems by Kac (1943), Wilkins (1988), and EdelmanKostlan (1996) show that for Kac polynomial with $\xi_i$ being iid standard Gaussian, the expectation of number of real roots of $P_n$ is $2/\pi \log n + O(1)$. It took considerable effort to prove the same asymptotics for the Kac polynomial with more general distributions of $\xi_i$; for example, the works by ErdosOfford (1956), EdelmanKostan (1995), NguyenNVu (2015), DoNguyenVu (2015). What about other nonKac polynomials?
In this talk, we discuss optimal local universality for roots of $P_n$ when the $c_i$ have polynomial growth and as an application, we derive sharp estimates for the number of real roots of this polynomial. Our results also hold for series; in particular, we prove local universality for random hyperbolic series.
This is joint work with Yen Do and Van Vu.

Nov 10, 2015 
Karen Zaya (UIC) 
On Regularity Properties for Fluid Equations.
Abstract: Fundamental mathematical questions about the 3D NavierStokes remain unanswered, such as the question of the regularity of solutions to the equations. Thus it is natural to ask: If we assume a smooth solution to the 3D NavierStokes equations $u$ loses regularity at time $T^*$, what is the rate of blowup? In this talk, we discuss blowup rates of solutions in the homogeneous Sobolev spaces, in particular the new result in $\dot{H}^\frac{3}{2}$. We will also discuss a newly developed regularity criterion for the 3D Boussinesq equations, which only imposes a condition on the low modes of the velocity $u$. The key tool in the development of this weaker regularity criterion is linked to the dissipation wave number.

Dec 1, 2015 
Vincent Martinez (Tulane) 
A data assimilation algorithm for the 2D subcritical SQG equation.
Abstract: In the early 1900s, the meteorologist V. Bjerknes defined the problem of weather prediction as the integration of the equations of the atmosphere themselves. The problem in practice, however, is how to initialize the system to begin with given the data collected from the field. In this talk we will discuss an algorithm for data assimilation introduced by AzouaniOlsonTiti for dissipative systems based on feedback control, and could be used to deal with this problem of initialization. Indeed, by modifying the original system by directly inputting finitely many observables and introducing a suitable controller for them, one can show that corresponding solution of this system converges exponentially to the reference solution. We show that this algorithm can also be adapted to the 2D subcritically dissipative surface quasigeostrophic (SQG) equation, a standard equation in geophysics used for studying the evolution of ocean surface temperature, and most importantly, that it enjoys the property of exponential synchronization. From the point of view of the analysis, the fractional dissipation operator offers some difficulties in how one should input the observables into the system. We show a natural way to overcome this. We moreover show that the observables to be fed into the system need only be given as time averages over small windows, which is how the observables are collected by instruments in practice. (This is joint work with Michael Jolly and Edriss Titi).

Feb 09, 2016 
Juraj Foldes (Universite libre de Bruxelles) 
TBA

Feb 16, 2016 
Zoran Grujic (UVA) 
A geometric perspective on dissipation in 3D NavierStokes flows (part I)
This will be an introductorylevel talk on significance of the geometry of the 3D incompressible viscous flows in the mathematical study of the problem of possible formation of singularities in the 3D NavierStokes equations.

Feb 23, 2016 
Zoran Grujic (UVA) 
A geometric perspective on dissipation in 3D NavierStokes flows (part II)

Mar 1, 2016 
Yen Do (UVA) 
Real roots for random polynomials

Mar 15, 2016 
Radu Dascaliuc (Oregon State University) 
NavierStokes equations, stochastic cascades, and the issue of symmetry breaking
We will discuss a probabilistic cascade structure that can be naturally associated with the 3D NavierStokes equations. In particular, our aim will be to see how the explosion properties of such cascades help establish a connection between the uniqueness of symmetrypreserving (selfsimilar) solutions and the uniqueness of the general problem.

Mar 22, 2016 
Yen Do (UVA) 
Atomic decomposition (expository talk)
We will discuss atomic decomposition of functions, with emphasis on Hardy spaces as examples.

Mar 29, 2016 
Michele Coti Zelati (UMD) 
Enhanced dissipation and hypoellipticity in shear flows
We analyze the decay and instant regularization properties of the evolution semigroups generated by twodimensional driftdiffusion equations in which the scalar is advected by a shear flow and dissipated by full or partial diffusion. We consider both the case of spaceperiodic and the case of a bounded channel with noflux boundary conditions. In the infinite PŽclet number limit, our work quantifies the enhanced dissipation effect due to the shear. We also obtain hypoelliptic regularization, showing that solutions are instantly Gevrey regular even with only partial diffusion.

Apr 5, 2016 
Aseel Farhat (UVA) 
Atomic decomposition for the vorticity of a viscous flow in the whole space I
We will go over the results of Lorenzo Brandolese on atomic decomposition of vorticity of 3D viscous flows and the long time behavior of isolated coherent structures and the behavior of flows with highly oscillating vorticities.

Apr 12, 2016 
Mark Lewers (UVA) 
Random Fourier series
We will go over a result of Nazarov  Nishry  Sodin on the log integrability of random Fourier series.

Apr 19, 2016 
Liaosha Xu (UVA) 
Vorticity direction and regularity for the 3D NSE
This will be an introductory talk on the role that the vorticity direction plays in the regularity theory for the 3D NavierStokes equations.

Apr 26, 2016 
Theodore Drivas (Johns Hopkins) 
TBA
